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Tool to Estimate the Safety Impact of Vehicle Levels of Automation on Minnesota Roads

Status:  Active
Project Start Date:  07/22/2021

Summary:

Vehicle automation is attracting great interest both commercially and research-wise, and it is expected to bring disruption in transportation in the years to come. Currently, an increasing number of commercially available vehicles offer Advanced Driver-Assistance Systems (ADAS). Even if commercially available self-driving vehicles won't be available for several decades, the safety, mobility, and environmental benefits envisioned can be achieved with technological advancements already available to the public. State and federal agencies have supported research investigating the operational and environmental effects adoption rates of vehicles with various levels of automation. Recent findings caution that the resulting future may not be as rosy as we thought (Soteropoulos et al., 2019, Kröger et al., 2018). Unfortunately, very little research has been focused on the net effect of the biggest CAV selling point, the potential benefits from reduction in crashes and general increase in road safety. Although the proposed effort will, by necessity, perform a thorough investigation of the different flavors of vehicle automation already commercially available, as well as explore their near-future improvements, our main focus is on developing a planning tool to quantify the statewide net safety effect of policies, market, and technology forces affecting the proliferation and actual use of individual ADAS. The proposed tool will utilize records of actual crashes in Minnesota combined with probabilistic models relating facts like vehicle model and age, driver age and other demographic information, with the potential of owning and having activated a specific combination of ADAS features as well as, given the prevailing road, traffic, and environmental conditions, the probability this particular ADAS changing the outcome of the event.

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