TRS: Alternatives to Seal Coats

Status:  Complete
Report Date:  02/05/2016


Seal coats are one of many techniques commonly used for asphalt pavement preservation and chip seals are the most commonly used in Minnesota. In some applications, chip seals are not the best surface treatment alternative, such as in areas with frequent or high stress turning movements like cul-de-sacs or intersections, and can suffer chip loss and/or bleeding. The purpose of this Transportation Research Synthesis (TRS) was to summarize current seal coat practices and identify alternatives that provide pavement protection, extend pavement life similar to chip seals, and avoid the identified problems. Other surface treatment techniques used around the country include fog seals, bio seals, sand seals, sandwich seals, slurry seals, and micro surfacing and include many proprietary or brand name products.

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